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Art Research

Library of Congress Classification

Outline of N call numbers

N -- Visual Arts.

NA -- Architecture.

NB -- Sculpture.

NC -- Drawing. Design. Illustration.

ND -- Painting.

NE -- Print media.

NK -- Decorative Arts.

NX -- Arts in general.

TR -- Photography

Z -- Typography

Citing References (MLA)

MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd ed., 2008
Cooper Reference PN147 .G444 2008

MLA Handbook, 8th ed., 2016
Cooper Reference LB2369 .G53 2016 -- there is a circulating copy in the Main Collection. Earlier editions also circulate

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL):
MLA Formatting and Style Guide  (offers basic information and examples of MLA formatting style according to the 7th edition of the MLA Handbook (2009) and the 3rd edition of the MLA Style Manual (2008); does not include the entire Manual or Handbook), Website last updated 9/12/2016

Walker, Janice R.
Columbia Guide to Online Style 
Columbia University Press, 2006
Available via Cooper Library subscription to Ebook Central

Evaluating Online Sources

The CRAP Test

Ask yourself the following questions about each website you're considering:


  • How recent is the information?
  • Can you locate a date when the page(s) were written/created/updated?
  • Does the website appear to update automatically (this could mean no one is actually looking at it)?
  • Based on your topic, is it current enough?


  • What kind of information is included in the website?
  • Based on your other research, is it accurate? ...complete?
  • Is the content primarily fact, or opinion?
  • Is the information balanced, or biased?
  • Does the author provide references for quotations and data?
  • If there are links, do they work?


  • Can you determine who the author/creator is?
  • Is there a way to contact them?
  • What are their credentials (education, affiliation, experience, etc.)?
  • Is there evidence they're experts on the subject?
  • Who is the publisher or sponsor of the site?
  • Is this publisher/sponsor reputable?

Purpose / Point of View

  • What is the domain (.edu, .org, .com, etc.)? How might that influence the purpose/point of view?
  • Is the author presenting fact, or opinion?
  • What's the intent of the website (to persuade, to sell you something, etc.)?
  • Are there ads on the website? How do they relate to the topic being covered (e.g., an ad for ammuntion next to an article about firearms legislation)?
  • Who might benefit from a reader believing this website?
  • Based on the writing style, who is the intended audience?

Adapted from Dominican University 

Boolean Logic

Boolean logic is the use of the operators AND, OR, and NOT to combine terms in searching online databases.

When you separate two terms with the word AND, both words must appear in the results. This limits the numbers of results that you get. Most databases assume an AND between words in your search string.

When you separate two terms with the word OR, either word may appear in the results. This increases the numbers of results that you get. Most databases require you to indicate OR.

NOT eliminates the word that follows NOT in the search string. This will limit the number of results that you get. 

I've included a link to a page created by the Columbia University Libraries. It has some visual examples that explain the differences.

Boolean Logic from Columbia University Libraries.

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